ADOPTION

EOYS is an Oklahoma-licensed child placement agency.  We have been working in adoptions since 1998 and have been a direct placement agency since 2006.  Currently, we primarily handle only domestic adoptions, though we have assisted in international placements as well. 

Although we have worked on placement of children of all ages, most of our adoption placements have involved children over 2 years of age.  Because we do work on placement of all ages of children, we have multiple contracts with other states to help place children in loving homes.  Often, the cost of adoption for a family can be offset dramatically through grants or funding by other state agencies, making our adoptions one of the most affordable in Oklahoma.  

WHO MAY ADOPT?

·       Minimum age – 21 years old

·       Maximum age – No maximum age, though the applicant must demonstrate the ability to meet the needs of a particular aged child until the age of majority.

·       Applicants may be single or a couple. 

·       When two applicants are a couple, yet not legally married, only one of the two may be legally listed on the birth certificate as parent.

·       When applicants are a couple, we prefer that they have been together for at least 2 years, continuously, unless unusual or extenuating circumstances are shown.

·       Preferably, one or both applicants will have at least a high school diploma or GED

·       Must be free from any serious criminal history

·       Must be in good physical and mental/emotional health, sufficiently to care for children

·       Be financially stable, though no minimum annual income is set

HOW MUCH DOES IT COST?

There is no definitive answer to this question as it is impacted by the type of adoption sought.  In some cases, through use of outside funding, adoption through EOYS can be arranged at almost no cost to the family, though realistically, there will at least be an application and home study fee payable to EOYS, as well as some sort of attorney and court fees.  Other fees can include expenses payable to the birth mother, placement fees, supervision fees, and fees for additional services such as court reports or follow-up counseling after the finalization.  The average cost for most of our families ranges from $2500 to $10,000.

The state of Oklahoma and most other states have programs titled, the Adoption Assistance Program. This federal program offers funding to states assisting needy families and child welfare services.  Applicants interested in adopting older children, large sibling groups or children with special needs might qualify for adoption assistance subsidies to assist in meeting the needs of children who are in state custody. Applicants in Oklahoma need to contact the OKDHS Swift Adoptions Program at the county or state level.

TYPES OF CHILD ADOPTION

 

Private and Agency Child Adoption

Private child adoptions are arranged through an individual (often a lawyer or a physician) or referral service.  Without a licensed child adoption agency supervising the process, this kind of adoption is extremely risky.  The number one factor in selecting an adoption agency is ensuring that the agency meets the state of your residence’s requirements; and is fully licensed to provide you with a full-range of professional services.  EOYS works with other adoption agencies across the United States and Internationally.  To check if an agency or organization is licensed, contact them and ask for their license number and the phone number of the licensing authority.  Then call the authority and confirm that the information given to you is correct.

Open and Closed Child Adoption

In a closed child adoption, the birth parents and adopting family are anonymous.  While many details may be shared, no identifying information (such as last name, addresses, social security numbers, etc.) is exchanged. The birth parents and adopting family can meet, share pictures and updates, and have ongoing contact through the agency, but they do not share last names and addresses.In an open child adoption the biological and adopting parent(s) exchange identifying information and if both parties are agreeable, can stay in contact with one another after finalization of the adoption.Whether an adoption is open or closed will depend on what you want, what the birth parent wants (if applicable), and the parameters of the agency you select.  EOYS is experienced in both types, and is here to help you decide the best choice for you.

Intrastate, Interstate, and International Child Adoption

In an intrastate child adoption, the birth parent and adopting family live in the same state. In an interstate child adoption, the birth parent and adopting family live in different states. In an international adoption, the birth parent and adopting family live in different countries.The distinction among these three types of adoption is very important.  Each type of adoption requires different sets of legal requirements. Intrastate adoptions must meet the requirements of only one state.  Interstate adoptions must meet the requirements of at least two states as well as the Interstate Compact Act. International adoptions must meet the requirements of the state, US and foreign governments and the Hague Convention.The EOYS Adoption staff has extensive experience with open and closed child adoptions as well as variations of the two. We are here to help you determine the best choice for you and the baby, and then help implement your choices in a way that will eliminate problems and concerns.

Stepparent, Kinship and Foster Parent Adoption

When a parent remarries after the death or divorce of a spouse, the new spouse may desire to adopt the child(ren) of their current spouse.  A stepparent may choose to formally adopt a spouse's child from a prior relationship, but the biological parent, must receive notice of the adoption proceeding.  The biological parent must consent to the adoption or determined unfit by the courts before the adoption is finalized.  A similar protocol applies when a child is born outside marriage, the biological parent later remarries, and the stepparent wants to adopt the child.  When traditional or kinship foster parents choose to proceed with adopting the child(ren) they already have in their home. This process usually occurs after the caretaker has been providing care for the child(ren) in their home while the birth parent goes through a court ordered process of correcting the unsafe conditions of the birth family home.